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About the Court

Henry Circuit Court

21st Judicial Circuit of Virginia

The circuit court is the trial court of general jurisdiction in Virginia. It is the sole court with the authority to try all types of cases except as specifically provided by statute.

In civil cases, the circuit court has concurrent jurisdiction with the general district court over claims from $4,500 to $25,000 and exclusive original jurisdiction over almost all claims exceeding $25,000. The circuit court also has jurisdiction over all equity matters. These include divorce cases, disputes concerning wills and estates, and controversies involving property. Both law and equity cases are now classified as civil actions. To bring a civil action in a circuit court, the person bringing the case (plaintiff) files a complaint with the clerk. Va. Code § 16.1-77.

The final decision of the circuit court may be appealed to either the Supreme Court or the Court of Appeals, depending upon the type of case involved. Death penalty, lawyer disbarment, and most civil cases are appealed to the Supreme Court. While death penalty and disbarment case appeals are a matter of right, civil appeals are commenced by the filing of a petition for appeal.

The circuit court also handles family matters, including divorce. In addition, the circuit court hears cases appealed from the general district court and from the juvenile and domestic relations district court.

There is a circuit court in each city and county in Virginia. Circuit court judges are elected by the General Assembly for 8-year terms.


Terms of Court and General Information

Terms begin, 3rd Monday, 9:00 a.m., in July, Sept., Nov., Mar., & May; 1st Tuesday after 3rd Monday, 9:00 a.m., in Jan.

Grand Juries, 1st day of Term.

Pursuant to Rule 1:20, counsel of record may agree to a trial date as a part of a written plan prepared and submitted to the court for approval pursuant to Rule 1:18, after obtaining a trial date from the court's administrative assistant.

Court convenes 9:00 a.m.

Commissioners in Chancery are utilized in partition suits, creditors suits, etc.

Access to our on-line land records is available via secure remote access with your paid subscription. We have deed indices from 1967 to the present; images for deeds and judgments from 1997 to the present. We are in the process of uploading deed images back to 1980. The remaining land records indices and images commence with 1997 to the present. The fee for each subscriber is $50.00 per month or $500.00 for a 12-month subscription. Payment is due upon the issuance of the User ID and Password. If you are interested, please contact Jennifer Ashworth, Clerk of Henry County Circuit Court, for an application.


Circuit Court Public Use Forms


Circuit Court Clerk

Hon. Jennifer Ashworth

Hours: 9:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.

Telephone: (276) 634-4880

Address: 3160 Kings Mountain Rd. Suite B, Martinsville, VA 24112-3966


Hon. David V. Williams~*
Hon. Martin F. Clark Jr.
Hon. G. Carter Greer
* Chief Judge
~ Presiding